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Orthopedics

Orthopedics is the medical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of your body's musculoskeletal system. This complex system includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves and allows you to move, work, and be active.

Once devoted to the care of children with spine and limb deformities, orthopedists now care for patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfeet to young athletes requiring arthroscopic surgery to older people with arthritis. And anybody can break a bone.

MAIN PATHOLOGIES AND TREATMENTS

  • Shoulder
  • Elbow
  • Hand
  • Knee
  • Hip
  • Foot and ankle
  • Spinal coloumn
  • Onco-traumatological Orthopedics

Treatment:

Orthopedic surgeons treat many musculoskeletal conditions without surgery, by using medication, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. For most orthopedic diseases and injuries there is more than one form of treatment. If necessary, he/she may also recommend surgery if you do not respond to other treatments.

Your Doctor's Visit

Your visit will start with a personal interview and physical examination. This may be followed by diagnostic tests such as blood tests, X-rays, or other tests.

Your orthopedic surgeon will discuss your diagnosis and available treatment options with you and help you select the best plan to help you to live an active and functional life.

Surgical Treatment

Orthopaedic surgeons perfomr numerous types of surgeries. Common procedures include:

  • Arthroscopy -- a procedure using special cameras and equipment to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside a joint.
  • Fusion -- a "welding" process by which bones are fused together with bone grafts and internal devices (such as metal rods) to heal into a single solid bone.
  • Internal Fixation -- a method to hold the broken pieces of bone in proper position with metal plates, pins or screws while the bone is healing.
  • Joint Replacement (partial, total and revision) -- when an arthritic or damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint called a prosthesis.
  • Osteotomy -- the correction of bone deformity by cutting and repositioning the bone.
  • Soft tissue repair -- the mending of soft tissue, such as torn tendons or ligaments.

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